1. Toners are crucial to the cleansing process. Toner removes the final residue of make-up, dirt & oil leftover cleanser and unless you are using filtered water to cleanse your skin, there is chlorine, calcium, flouride and other heavy metals in the water that will be left on the skin. When the chemicals dry, they shrink, leaving a white film, and ultimately leaving you feeling tight and dry. If you put a moisturizer directly on top of these chemicals, you will continue to dull and dry the skin. The film must be removed with toner using a cotton pad.
Seasonal changes, temperature and humidity can all impact the amount oil that is created in our skin. During colder months, it takes a bit more effort to combat dehydration, dullness and dryness. As we age, natural moisture barriers break down making it difficult for our skin to stay hydrated, causing pores to look bigger, wrinkles to appear deeper, and general lack of luster and plumpness. All cell membranes are made of fats and are essential to the function of our cells while collagen helps improve our skin's ability to store water. For youthful and glowing skin we'll need to look for ways to continuously preserve and boost collagen production while preserving lipids in the skin.